The introduction of the Leica S2 in 2009 marked the beginning of a new camera system: the Leica S system.
Far from being a successor to the S1, the Leica S2 represented an entirely new product range. In fact, its construction and design are more reminiscent of the Leica R9, the last model of the R series.
The S system was configured around a newly developed, 37.5 megapixel Kodak sensor measuring 45x30 mm. The sensor utilises the classic aspect ratio of 3:2, which corresponds to the human field of vision and is widely acclaimed as the 'Leica Format'.
The system incorporated a new series of bright, solid lenses offering fast and precise autofocus. The S2 also featured an advanced new dual shutter system: alongside the fast focal plane shutter, there was now an optional, newly developed central shutter with a shutter speed of 1/500 second for particularly high flash-sync speeds.
The camera featured an integrated pentaprism viewfinder. Its die-cast magnesium camera body was highly resilient, as well as water and dust repellent – attributes that were normally associated with classic rangefinder cameras, but were rather unusual for (studio) medium format cameras.